Electric vehicles have gradually become popular in many countries, and industry experts hope that they will replace conventional vehicles in the next few decades. In such a scenario, one should learn about electric vehicles if interested in purchasing a new car.
The most vital component of an electric vehicle is the battery. Typically, a battery unit of an electric vehicle consists of multiple small batteries. The EV charging depends on the type and capacity of the battery. In the following section, find a guide to the type of batteries for electric vehicles.
- Lithium-ion Battery
The commonest type of electric vehicle battery is the lithium-ion battery, which is also the battery of modern smartphone devices. Such batteries carry positive lithium ions and discharge electrolytes. Such batteries are long-lasting, and they also get charged quickly.
Using lithium-ion batteries for vehicles is cost-effective, as the batteries do not get damaged during the recharging process. Moreover, it does not produce a high amount of heat during charging. As a result, it is safer to use such types of batteries for vehicles.
- Nickel-Metal Hydride
Nickel-metal hydride is an alternative to lithium-ion batteries. Such batteries have extensive uses in hybrid electric vehicles, which can run both on battery and conventional fuel. However, the energy density of this battery type is 40% lesser than lithium-ion batteries.
In colder climates, a nickel-metal hydride battery works well, as it produces a good amount of heat. Another benefit is that manufacturing such batteries is cheaper than other batteries.
- Solid-State Battery
Experts consider that solid-state battery is the next big thing in the vehicle battery manufacturing industry. Rather than liquid electrolytes, these batteries use a solid electrolyte. Such batteries will be lighter, and thus storage space can get reduced.
Volta Technology Limited is a next-generation startup offering solid-state batteries for electric vehicles. The company develops cost-effective and safe EV batteries.